Potable water lines are essentially just clean water lines. Potable water lines can be made of various materials. If you are in need of a potable water line in your home or residence, our local plumbers can help assist you with that.
Galvanized iron piping was most commonly used for potable water use from the late 1800s until around 1960. After that, copper piping took over, starting with soft copper with flared fittings, then with rigid copper tubing utilizing soldered fittings. After WWII, there was an increased awareness about the dangers of lead poisoning so copper piping was introduced as a safer alternative to lead pipes. Today, there are four varieties of pipe used for potable pipelines. Each of these materials has pros and cons.
Materials Plumbers Use to Install Potable Water Lines
Plumbers use at least three types of materials to install potable water lines. It pays to know more about each of them so you can choose the right one in case you have to decide which to install in your home.
Copper: These are reliable and durable materials. They are not prone to leaks and will not pollute the drinking water. They have the ability to be recycled and are tolerant to heat. However, they are a bit pricey and may contain lead-based solder in older homes. They come in a variety of sizes which may which may be best depending on the thickness of your walls and whether the pipes are being used for underground or above ground service.
Galvanized Steel: These are rarely used today because of their many drawbacks. However, they are still present in some older homes. Galvanized steel pipes are not recommended because they are heavy and difficult to work with. They also have a zinc coating that can lead to internal rusting which can cause reduced water pressure and clogs over time. Lead can be released in tap water due to corroded pipes and water may be discolored.
PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) Pipes: These pipes do not rust, corrode or degrade over time. They are good to use for your sink, toilet bathtub, drain lines, or vent stacks. They are often used for the main supply line in most houses. They are inexpensive, durable, and easy to work with. The only drawback is that it can warp when exposed to hot water.
Cross-Linked Polyethylene or PEX Pipes: These are good for retrofits. They are very versatile and can be used for hot and cold water. However, because they have not been extensively tested so there is a fear that they may be environmentally unsound and may contaminate the water.
Other less common metal pipes include stainless steel, cast iron, and black iron. The less common plastic pipes are grey plastic polybutylene and high-density polybutylene. Though these pipes are good for some applications, they are used less commonly due to certain drawbacks.
If you are looking for potable water line installation, replacement, or repair services in your house, come to us first. We are knowledgeable about the best equipment to use and can get the work done quickly and efficiently at an affordable price. We have the best plumbers to serve you.